Note: The radio buttons for the various column types are self-evident in their function but the “Additional Column Settings” area does change depending on the type of column you make, complete with custom settings dependent on the column type you selected.
To perform a mathematical calculation to determine the data for a column, select the “Calculated Column” column type when you create the new column. Then in the additional column settings area, you can create a formula by selecting the available columns as the variables and simply typing the mathematical operations into the formula area as you would do in Excel.
To pull column data from other sources, there are various preset column types that do this.
- Person or Group – Allows for name validation or browsing for the names of users from the user list.
- Lookup – Pulls from other lists in the SharePoint site. Once selected, you can choose which lists and columns in that list information is pulled from in the “Additional Column Settings” area. You can also bring along any additional columns from the pulled in list that maps to that column you’re pulling from. For example if you’re making an accounting list that pulls in an “Employee ID” column that is on the “Employee Data” list, you can also bring along the “Employee Name” and “Employee Hire Date” from the “Employee Data” list if needed.
To delete a column from a list, navigate to the “List Settings”. Once in the list settings, navigate to the column and click “Edit”. Inside the next window that appears is a “Delete” button. Simply click it and then click “OK” when the warning popup appears. There are certain columns that can’t be deleted. One instance of this would be the “Title” column due to the fact that it’s the primary key for the list item. If you don’t need this column, you should attempt to find a use for it in some way or another, even if it’s erroneously just counting the items.
If you want to change the ordering of columns on a list, you can do so at the bottom of the list settings window. There is a “Column Ordering” link which allows a user to reorder the fields in a list.
Filtering and sorting in SharePoint works in the same manner that other Microsoft program-based tables do. To filter and sort a list, navigate to the list and simply click one of the dropdown arrows next to the column titles at the top of the list. Keep in mind that the filter & sort options you exercise on a list aren’t permanent. To clear the sort or filter settings, leave the list and come back. If you want to make these settings permanent, you have to save the view.